Increasing trend of suicide among youths

Suicidal tendencies are rising at an alarming rate in Bangladesh. Students, women and youths, battling with different kinds of pressures and expectations from the society often fallen prey to this loophole. Modernisation of the society and complexities created by these changes are some of the major reasons behind this. Minhazur Rahman Rezvi scrutinises different aspects of suicide and shows inside out.




IN BANGLADESH, suicide rate is increasing alarmingly. According to a World Health Organization (WHO) 2015 report, Bangladesh ranked 10th in on the high suicide rate chart. Also, another 2016 WHO report shows that in Bangladesh, eight incidents of suicides occur among every 1,00,000 people. Media reports show that 73,389 people have committed suicide from 2002 to 2009 in Bangladesh. The proportion of suicide is comparatively high between 14-24 age groups. The frequency of suicidal behaviour is high among students of different level. The number of suicide usually increases during the period of public examination (JSC, SSC & HSC) result publications. Due to unexpected result and chided by families and societies, students commit suicide out of depression, stress and in want of a permanent solution. Besides, according to WHO, suicide rate is high among women of the country. The increased number of rapes, sexual harassments and social insecurities has led girls to commit suicide more than their male counterparts.

The main reason of suicide, it seems, is the lack of social integrity and social bond. Why is social integrity important for a peaceful and equitable society? Social integrity focuses on ensuring equitable opportunities and right to live for all classes of people. Without social integrity, a society becomes a place of complete anarchy. There are many forces working behind this. Capitalism is one of the major culprits of the declining social as well as moral values. People have separated them from extended family and it has turned the society into a one that of nuclear families. Modernisation and capitalism have not only distorted traditional culture but also decreased social bond and interaction within family members in the long turn.

In the age of capitalism, competition has been created within every sector, from education to job, from medical to food. Some people can continue their competition with the flow of stream by own capabilities and some people also continue their run by exploiting others. But a number of people fail to do so, they cannot move with the flow of competition or they simply can’t cope up with the speed. Societies and families blame them instead of supporting through their failures. A person may not be able to endure the emmense stress from family and society, they become depressed and hopeless, they decide on committing suicide as permanent solution to temporary problems.

In case of Bangladesh, another major reason of increasing suicide is lack of interaction among family members. When Bangladesh is moving towards becoming a developing nation, social integrity is decreasing at somewhat a parallel rate. Often, young people are compelled to take serious decisions of their life at a very tender age. Inappropriate generic guidelines which are regardless of the individuality of the children lead them to take wrong decisions because they have no experiences of taking critical decisions at crucial moments. Sometimes parents focus on their own esteem and ego rather than on the happiness of their children. The greed of social status among parents is creating more pressure on a child and makes him vulnerable. If the child fails to achieve the target, they input a grave sense of failure and guilt into a child’s mind. As a result, the child decides to commit suicide to be free from pressure and pain.

Besides, marginal groups of society are being deprived of equal rights and opportunities. Women are the most vulnerable and marginal group in any society. Security of life is a basic right for any person. But security for women’s life is an elusive term in Bangladesh. Different sexually discriminatory crimes and harassments in Bangladesh like rape, molestation and eve-teasing are also responsible for the rising suicide rate. Not only that the girls fall victims to those crimes, they are also deprived from and denied of getting justice. On the other hand, society has a strong tendency to stigmatise the victims instead of giving them proper support. The stigmatised women lose all their hopes for life, and the beautiful world turns poisonous for them. They commit suicide for giving themselves freedom from their grim situation.

Suicide is the end of hope of a life. Suicide is chosen by a person because of the dysfunctions of societies which nabbed all hopes of being alive and existing in the world from them. A person will commit suicide when their dream is falling apart, when they do not get any positive support from the family and society.

Our Society has to focus on reducing its dysfunctions for saving the valuable young members, or anyone for that matter, from falling victim to suicide. Government has to ensure security for women saving them from aggression of violent sexual crimes. NGOs and government can arrange motivational seminars or workshops for reduction of suicide. Parents also have to raise their voice and remain concerned about their children so that they are not lost forever.

Minhazur Rahman Rezvi is a student of University of Dhaka.

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